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SEE Author's New Video on Type "Sandra Gangle GCAS" in Search Bar

Sandra gave a lecture to an international audience through the Global Center for Advanced Studies (GCAS) on Saturday, June 20, 2020. She explained the history of work in America, beginning with the tradition of feudalism, proceeding to the use of indentured servants and enslaved African workers in the American colonies (which continued until the 13th Amendment to the Constitution was passed in 1867). The history of workplace dominance by White property-owners continued throughout the periods of Jim Crow laws and 19th Century corporate sweatshops (where labor unions were prohibited by injunction), and finally arrived, in the 20th Century, at a more equitable stage when collective bargaining was authorized by the NLRA and public sector statutes in 45 states. Sandra points out, however, that we still have a long way to to before equity is established for women and persons of color in American workplaces. Go to, then type "Sandra Gangle GCAS" and click on the 50-minute video dated 6-20-2020 to see the video in full.

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